Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that affects the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. This type of cancer is caused by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the cervix, which can spread to other body parts if not detected and treated early. This article will discuss the four subtopics related to cervical cancer: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Causes Of Cervical Cancer
The primary cause of cervical cancer is the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection, and it is estimated that up to 80% of sexually active women will contract the virus at some point in their lives. Other factors that increase the risk of cervical cancer include smoking, a weakened immune system, and a family history of the disease.
Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer often has no symptoms in the early stages, so regular Pap tests are essential for detecting the disease. However, as cancer progresses, women may experience abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding between periods or after sex, pain during sex, and unusual discharge from the vagina. Women who experience any of these symptoms should consult the best cancer hospital in Chennai immediately.
Diagnosis Of Cervical Cancer
The primary method for diagnosing cervical cancer is through a Pap test, which involves collecting cells from the cervix and examining them under a microscope. If abnormal cells are detected, the best oncologists in Chennai may perform a colposcopy, which involves using a special microscope to explore the cervix and biopsy any abnormal areas. In some cases, an MRI or CT scan may also be necessary to determine the extent of cancer.
Treatment Of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer treatment in Chennai depends on the tumour stage and the woman’s overall health. The most common treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Surgery may involve removing part or all of the cervix, while radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy involves using drugs to kill cancer cells, often combined with surgery or radiation therapy. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be used.
In conclusion, cervical cancer is a severe disease caused by HPV and other risk factors. Regular Pap tests and follow-up care are essential for detecting the disease early and increasing the chances of successful treatment. Women who experience any symptoms of cervical cancer should consult the cancer hospital in Chennai immediately, as early detection and treatment can make a significant difference in the outcome of the disease. Finally, it is essential to remember that vaccines can help prevent HPV and ultimately lower the risk of cervical cancer.